Let’s take a closer look at a few of the indicators on the current Economic Indicators Dashboard and decipher what they may mean to the macro environment.
Accessed on August 11, 2015.
How do I read this chart?
This dashboard is intended as a tool to set context and perspective when evaluating the current state of the economy.
For each indicator, the horizontal bar shows four things.
- A blue color band represents the typical range for this indicator. +/- 1 standard deviation of historical values for the indicator fall in this range.
- An orange marker shows the most recent value – the closer the marker is to the blue bar, the closer it is to historically typical conditions.
- A grey area outside of the blue band which shows the range actual conditions.
- An arrow shows the most recent three-month trend indicating if it is moving toward or away from the typical range
(measured by CBOE VIX) trended slightly upward in July to 14.46%, but remains on the lower end of the typical historical range, around the year-to-date low, set in May (13.28%). Much of July’s turbulence is attributable to Greek, Chinese, and Puerto Rican market and economic troubles. Looking forward, Russell’s strategists
maintain the view that there is a low risk of contagion to U.S. markets other than increased volatility.
The July reading of the 10 Yr. U.S. Treasury Yield
remained below the typical historical range at 2.18%
. However, the low month-end reading hardly describes July’s rollercoaster yield. The yield peaked in July near the year-to-date high at 2.43% but slowly slid downward through the end of the month. Directionally, with expectations that the U.S. Fed will raise rates in September we expect the 10 yr. yield to trend back toward its typical historical range.
The latest release of the Consumer Price Index (CPI)
from the Bureau of Labor Statistics reflected an increase in inflation
, albeit, a slight one. Marking nearly forty months under the U.S. Fed’s 2% target inflation rate, the year-on-year percentage change was just 0.18%
, burdened by low and decreasing oil prices. Inflation is one of the key considerations the Fed will take into account as it weighs a potential interest rate hike in 2015.
reached a four-decade low in July before rising back upward slightly. The jobs market is strong, adding over 200,000 jobs for the 10th
month in the past year, with no indications that it will slow down in the foreseeable future.
Unlike the decline observed in unemployment figures, wages have remained somewhat stagnant. Lack of wage growth may stave off a rate increase expected later this year. However, wage stagnancy is indicative of the strength of the jobs market – that is, employers are having no difficulty finding workers to fill open job positions (whereas, they would have to increase wages to attract workers if they were struggling to fill positions).
The U.S. economy
, measured by GDP
, expanded at a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 2.3%
in July. While improving over previous months, this reading of GDP isn’t as strong as the breakout in growth that many forecasters have anticipated for the second half of the year.
The bottom line
July’s generally strong data reading improves our confidence in a September Fed liftoff of interest rates. Continued strength in the job market along with growing GDP over the last few months are encouraging signs for the U.S. economy as we start the second half of 2015. And while we expect September to mark the first U.S. interest rate increase since 2008, our strategists believe that rates will rise at a measured pace from there, a view echoed by Fed Chair Janet Yellen as well as other Fed Governors.