Markets in perspective – June 2016 in review

The following is the Russell Investments Chief Investment Officers’ views of themes affecting market performance in June 2016. All data is as of June 30, 2016. Sources and indexes used to represent asset classes can be found in the disclosures at the end of this post.

Capital Market Returns Sources: U.S. Equity: Russell 3000® Index, Non-U.S. Equity: Russell Developed ex-U.S. Large Cap Index, Emerging Markets: Russell Emerging Markets Index, U.S. Bonds: Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index, Global REITs: FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Developed Real Estate Index, Commodities: Bloomberg Commodity Index, Balanced: 30% U.S. Equity, 20% Non-U.S. Equity, 5% EM, 35% Bonds, 5% REITs, 5% Commodities.


1. The New Mediocre

Global GDP growth is sluggish and corporate profits have weakened. Business cycle fundamentals in the developed markets have softened, but the absence of major imbalances in the U.S. economy suggests a low risk of a recession.

2. Brexit fuels greater uncertainty

Europe has entered uncharted waters with the surprise vote by the United Kingdom (UK) in favor of Brexit. This has elevated uncertainty, which adds risk to the global economic outlook: UK, Europe, Japan, emerging markets, and the U.S. The UK economy’s downside risks from Brexit are meaningful. We expect the Bank of England (BOE) to cut rates preemptively to buffer growth. Meanwhile, the Bank of Japan (BOJ) is likely to enhance its own stimulus program, but for different reasons. Yen appreciation has cast a shadow on the earnings outlook for Japanese businesses and will make it harder for the central bank to meet its inflation target.

3. Global bond yields plumb new lows

Global bond yields dropped to new lows as safe haven assets were strongly bid and central banks from around the world responded to this uncertainty with “verbal” easing.


1. Volatility increases

Markets experienced increased volatility stemming from the Fed’s decisions in early June and the potential political and geopolitical risks from Spain, China, Russia, and Italy, and the UK (due to Brexit vote). Brexit dominated headlines late in the quarter and caused significant drawdowns with global equity markets down 5% to 10% in the days following the vote. Surprisingly, much of the losses were recovered by quarter-end, with the Russell Global Index finishing second quarter with a positive 1% return.

2. Europe ex-UK is under the microscope

European local market equities ended the quarter down 0.64%, underperforming the U.S. (2.54%) and broader global equities (1.25%). This was primarily in response to Brexit. Most multi-asset portfolios remain overweight with Europe, Middle East and Africa excluding UK (EMEA ex-UK) equities as they are still at attractive valuations. However, we are watchful for negative impacts on earnings and sentiment, and any political or monetary support to prevent further potential contagion.

3. Diversifiers help – particularly commodities

During the second quarter, asset classes, such as high yield, listed infrastructure, emerging market debt and commodities, held up more effectively than global equities. Commodities was the strongest performer, returning 13.8%. We are currently neutral to slightly overweight in these diversifying exposures across most multi-asset portfolios as this has been helpful to performance.


1. Low volatility stocks wins as BREXIT vote increases uncertainty

Low volatility or low beta stocks outperformed across markets in a risk-off reaction. With the Fed taking a wait-and-see attitude towards further rate increases, dividend stocks performed well as investors paid up for yield. Stocks of companies with higher quality balance sheets and higher returns on capital were penalized relative to stocks of companies with high debt levels and poor return on capital. Companies with higher debt burdens benefited from the lack of Fed action as interest payments remain lower, longer. In the U.S., small cap stocks were generally rewarded.

2. Barbell sector performance

During the first half of the year, energy was a leading sector due to a rebound in oil and natural gas prices and better economic news from China as it shored up its financial system. The weak May U.S. employment report and the UK June Brexit vote lowered investors’ expectations of interest rates and economic growth. This benefitted more traditional non-cyclical sectors, such as consumer staples, utilities, and health care.

3. Brexit drives currency volatility

In U.S. dollar terms, U.S., Canadian and Japanese equities had the strongest performance. Meanwhile, European and UK stocks were down even in local currency terms for the quarter. This was driven mainly by currency fluctuations, most notably the Japanese yen strengthening almost 9% and the British pound depreciating around 7% against the U.S. dollar for the quarter. Although the June 23 Brexit result came as a surprise, the FTSE 100 Index ended up 2.6% for the week (ending June 30) after falling almost 8% intraday on June 24. Bleak economic data in Japan and Europe and a continued strengthening of Japanese yen drove Japan and Europe ex-UK markets down for the quarter.


1. Rates fall globally

During second quarter, rates fell globally due to sluggish U.S. earnings, slow U.S. employment growth, and the Brexit vote. These signs of slowdown fueled expectations of further easing from central banks, and further delayed for rate hikes in the U.S.

2. Credit performs, led by energy issuers

Partial recovery in oil prices spurred a rally among beaten-up energy issuers and drove outperformance in the high yield sector. Emerging market bonds performed strongly, particularly those denominated in U.S. dollars, as expectations of rate hikes were pushed out to later in the year.

3. Brexit drives sharp moves among currencies

Broadly, European currencies (particularly the British pound) sold off after the Brexit vote. U.S. dollar and Japanese yen benefitted from the uncertainty surrounding the referendum vote.


1. Brexit vote drives risk-off sentiment

Immediately following Brexit vote, real estate investment trusts (REITs) had a brief negative performance. However, the defensive environment before and after the referendum vote resulted in REITs outperforming other equity sectors.

2. Global bond yields continue to fall

U.S. 10-year Treasury yield fell over 30 basis points to below 1.5%. We saw negative long-term government bond yields in Europe and Japan. Higher-yielding REITs and the utilities sector of listed infrastructure had strong performance. A “lower-for-longer” interest rate environment is likely to be favorable for total returns in infrastructure compared to broader markets.

3. Commodities rally

For the second quarter, commodity markets were up around 13% and energy was the strongest sector (up over 20%). This rally was a result of strong demand and tightening supplies. With this tailwind, the energy infrastructure sector was up over 15% for the quarter. Meanwhile, the precious metals sector was up over 10% with gold and silver rising sharply at quarter end as the Brexit vote led to a rush into safe haven assets. The agriculture and industrial metals sectors also advanced during the second quarter, up over 12% and 6% respectively.


The latest reading of the Asset Class Dashboard shows that a number of asset classes have made up ground in the past 12 months ending June 30, 2016. Chief among the “greatest improvers” are emerging market equities, infrastructure, global real estate, and emerging market debt. Commodities, high yield bonds and U.S. bonds also deserve honorable mentions in the “much improved” category. One-year performance of U.S. Large Cap defensive equity, global real estate and emerging market debt even crept up above their respective historical averages. All asset classes, except for cash, fell within their respective historically typical ranges.

Asset Class Dashboard June 2016
Large cap U.S. equity: Russell 1000® Index, Large cap Defensive U.S. equity: Russell 1000 Defensive Index, Large cap dynamic U.S. equity: Russell 1000 Dynamic Index, Small cap U.S. equity: Russell 2000 Index, Non-U.S. Equity: Russell Developed ex-U.S. Large Cap Index, Global equity: Russell Developed Large Cap Index, Emerging markets: Russell Emerging Markets Index, Commodities: Bloomberg Commodity Index, Global infrastructure: S&P Global Infrastructure Index, Global real estate: FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Developed Index, Cash: Citigroup 3-Month U.S. Treasury Bill Index, Global high yield bonds: Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BofAML) Global High Yield Index, Emerging markets debt: JP Morgan Emerging Markets Bond Index Plus, U.S. bonds: Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index.

How do I read this chart?

This dashboard is intended as a tool to set context and perspective when evaluating the current state of a sample of asset classes.

The ranges of 12 month returns for each asset class are calculated from its underlying monthly index returns. The stated inception date is the first full month of an index’s history available for the dashboard calculation.

Here is how to read the graphic on this page:


A GRAY BAR shows the full range of historical rolling 12-month returns for a sample of asset classes.

A BLUE COLOR BAND represents the typical range (one standard deviation away from the mean, i.e. 68% of historical observations) of rolling 12-month returns for these asset classes.

AN ORANGE MARKER represents the most recent 12-month return of the asset classes.

All data is as of June 30, 2016

Corresponding indexes/sources by section:

Investment Strategists

  • Broad fixed income represented by the Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index


  • Global equities represented by Russell Global Index
  • Developed Europe represented by the Russell Developed Europe Large Cap Index
  • High yield represented by high yield sector of the Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
  • Infrastructure represented by S&P Global Listed Infrastructure Index
  • Emerging markets debt represented by EM USD Aggregate Bond Index
  • Commodities represented by Bloomberg Commodities Index Total Return


  • Low volatility represented by FactSet deciles
  • Low beta represented by FactSet deciles
  • Small cap equities represented by Russell 2000® Index
  • Oil represented by WTI crude prices
  • Sectors represented by Russell 1000® Index sectors: consumer staples, utilities, health care.
  • S. represented by Russell 1000® Index
  • Canada represented by the Russell Canada Index
  • Japan represented by the Russell Japan Index
  • Europe ex UK represented by the Russell Developed Europe Large Cap Index
Fixed Income
  • Broad fixed income represented by the Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
  • Oil represented by WTI crude prices
  • High yield represented by high yield sector of the Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index
  • Emerging market bonds represented by EM USD Aggregate Bond Index
  • REITs represented by FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Developed Real Estate Index
  • Hedge fund strategies data as observed across third party managers by Russell Investments
  • Commodities represented by Bloomberg Commodities Index Total Return
  • Commodities sectors represented by Bloomberg Commodities Index Total Return sectors: precious metal, gold, silver, agriculture, industrial metals

These views are subject to change at any time based upon market or other conditions and are current as of the date at the top of the page. The information, analysis, and opinions expressed herein are for general information only and are not intended to provide specific advice or recommendations for any individual or entity.

Investing involves risk and principal loss is possible.

Bond investors should carefully consider risks such as interest rate, credit, default and duration risks. Greater risk, such as increased volatility, limited liquidity, prepayment, non-payment and increased default risk, is inherent in portfolios that invest in high yield ("junk") bonds or mortgage-backed securities, especially mortgage-backed securities with exposure to sub-prime mortgages. Generally, when interest rates rise, prices of fixed income securities fall. Interest rates in the United States are at, or near, historic lows, which may increase exposure to risks associated with rising rates. Investment in non-U.S. and emerging market securities is subject to the risk of currency fluctuations and to economic and political risks associated with such foreign countries.

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Investments in emerging or developing markets involve exposure to economic structures that are generally less diverse and mature, and to political systems, which can be expected to have less stability than those of more developed countries. Securities may be less liquid and more volatile than US and longer-established non-US markets.

Indexes and/or benchmarks are unmanaged and cannot be invested in directly. Returns represent past performance, are not a guarantee of future performance, and are not indicative of any specific investment.

The Russell 1000 Index measures the performance of the large-cap segment of the U.S. equity universe. It is a subset of the Russell 3000® Index and includes approximately 1000 of the largest securities based on a combination of their market cap and current index membership. The Russell 1000 represents approximately 92% of the U.S. market.

The Russell Global Index measures the performance of the global equity market based on all investable equity securities. The index includes approximately 10,000 securities in 63 countries and covers 98% of the investable global market. All securities in the Russell Global Index are classified according to size, region, country, and sector, as a result the Index can be segmented into more than 300 distinct benchmarks.

The Russell Global Large Cap Index measures the performance of the largest securities in the Russell Global Index, based on market capitalization. The index includes approximately 3,000 securities and covers 86% of the investable global market.

Barclays Emerging Market Bonds Index includes fixed-and floating-rate USD-denominated debt from emerging markets in the following regions: Americas, Europe, Middle East Africa, and Asia. For the index, an emerging market is defined as any country that has a long term foreign currency debt sovereign rating of Baa1/BBB+/BBB+ or below, using the middle rating of Moody’s, S&P, and Fitch.

Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is an index, with income reinvested, generally representative of intermediate-term government bonds, investment grade corporate debt securities, and mortgage-backed securities.

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Forecasting represents predictions of market prices and/or volume patterns utilizing varying analytical data. It is not representative of a projection of the stock market, or of any specific investment.

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