Transaction cost analysis
World's largest market
The foreign exchange (FX) market is large: Recently, the Bank for International Settlements estimated daily global trading to be $5.3 trillion1. FX transactions are significant components of millions of daily banking transactions, international commerce deals, and investments. Despite the importance of FX in world business, the costs of currency transactions are not typically measured.The failure to measure these costs and worse, failure to manage them, can diminish capital, erode investment results, and increase financing expense.
Measuring to manage
For investors, regulatory requirements and competition are two reasons to measure and ultimately manage, FX transaction costs. Regulatory incentive in the US is driven by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission's best execution rule. International requirements also exist.
While regulatory requirements might drive the need to measure FX transactions, another compelling reason for investors to measure trade costs is the relentless competitive pressure to improve investment results. Investment managers compete in a business where the difference separating top managers from their peers is measured in basis points (a basis point is 1/100 of a percent).
Thus, the motivation for transaction cost analysis (TCA) in currency trading is simple: it's very difficult to control costs that are not measured.
We offer a transaction cost analysis service for institutional investors. Our analysis allows clients to assess the competitiveness of their executions by deal size, deal type, currency and bank counterparty. The required trade information is usually available from the investor's custodian. Russell Investments can provide clients a letter to send to the custodian authorizing Russell Investments to access the required information, or Russell Investments could download the data directly from the custodian website with the client's permission.
1USDollars, Triennial Central Bank Survey – Foreign Exchange Turnover in April 2013, preliminary results, The Bank for International Settlements Sept 2013.