Which before-tax contribution option suits you?
To boost your super balance should you: (a) salary sacrifice before-tax dollars, or (b) contribute personally and claim a tax deduction? Our quick quiz could help you decide.
By Joel Atputharaj - 4 min read
A little about Joel
Joel Atputharaj is a senior manager at Russell Investments. A Fellow of the Institute of Actuaries, he helps clients navigate complexity and has worn many hats across the superannuation and consulting businesses, including actuarial consulting, account management, insurance and fund administration.
Your superannuation fund offers a tax-effective environment in which to save for your hard-earned retirement. In addition to any Superannuation Guarantee (SG) payments that you may receive from your employer, you can add to your super account by making contributions yourself to build a larger savings pool to fund your retirement dreams.
There are several ways in which to do this, but it can be difficult to know which method will suit you best.
One option is to contribute after-tax savings by making what is known as a ‘non-concessional’ contribution. We will explore non-concessional contributions in our next edition but for now, we are looking at what can be the most tax-effective way to add to your super fund—making a ‘concessional’ contribution.
Concessional contributions are amounts that you add to your super account either:
- Before-tax via salary sacrifice, or
- As a personal deductible contribution.
For the 2021-22 financial year, you can add up to $27,500 in concessional contributions This includes SG payments, salary sacrifice amounts and personal deductible contributions.
Concessional contributions are taxed within super at 15 per cent, rather than at the marginal tax rate you pay on your income. Depending on your income, this could be a tax savings, giving you more in your account to invest.
One great point about concessional contributions is that you can access unused concessional cap amounts from previous years via what’s called carry-forward rules. If your total super balance at the end of 30 June of the previous financial year is less than $500,000 and you made concessional contributions in the financial year that exceeded your concessional contributions cap, then you can make the most of unused cap amounts. But remember, these cap amounts are only available for five years, after which they expire.
To help you decide which concessional contribution type could suit you best, we’ve put together a quick quiz. So, grab a pen and paper (or the ‘Notes’ app on your device) and note down your answers. If you don’t know the answer to some of the questions, you might need to check with your employer.
Remember, this is only general information about the different types of concessional contributions and doesn’t take into account your objectives, financial situation or needs. Before you make an investment decision, you need to consider whether this information is appropriate to your objectives, financial situation and needs. And if you'd like personal advice, we can refer you to the appropriate person.
1. Does your employer offer salary sacrifice arrangements?
- Yes, that's an option offered in my workplace.
- No, my employer does not offer salary sacrificing.
- I don’t know.
2. When you are managing your tax and financial affairs, do you typically prefer to:
- Set up arrangements and leave them in place over time.
- Stay flexible to take advantage of opportunities.
- Have some structure, but some flexibility too.
3. You expect to receive a tax benefit. When do you want to get it?
- As soon as possible!
- I’m happy to wait, as long as it arrives in my tax return.
- I’d like part of it now and part of it in my tax return.
4. When do you expect to be able to add extra to your super account?
- Regularly every pay cycle – I want to make saving a habit.
- Ad hoc – I'm not sure exactly when I will have cash to spare.
- I would like to make regular contributions, but also add extra now and then.
5. How frequently do you check your superannuation contributions and balance?
- I regularly monitor my super contributions and balance to make sure I stay within the limits.
- I only check my contribution levels and balance when I have a reason to find out
- I check my super contributions and balance from time to time.
If you wrote down:
Mostly ‘a’s – Salary sacrifice might suit you best.
Mostly ‘b’s – Personal deductible contributions may be more your speed.
Mostly 'c's – You may need to do more research.
Issued by Total Risk Management Pty Ltd ABN 62 008 644 353, AFSL 238790 (TRM) as the trustee of the Russell Investments Master Trust ABN 89 384 753 567. Resource Super and Nationwide Super are divisions of the Russell Investments Master Trust. This article provides general information only and has not been prepared having regard to your specific objectives, financial situation or needs. Before making an investment decision, you need to consider whether this information is appropriate to your objectives, financial situation and needs. The information has been compiled from sources considered to be reliable, but is not guaranteed. Any examples have been included for illustrative purposes only and should not be relied upon for the purpose of making an investment decision. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The Product Disclosure Statement (PDS) can be obtained by phoning 1800 555 667 or by visiting russellinvestments.com.au or for Nationwide Super by phoning 1800 025 241 or visiting nationwidesuper.com.au. Any potential investor should consider the latest PDS in deciding whether to acquire, or to continue to hold, an investment in any Russell Investments product. The Target Market Determinations for the Russell Investments Master Trust are available on our website. The Financial Services Guide for the Russell Investments Master Trust is available on our website or on the Nationwide Super website.
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